If you’re pursuing opportunities in academia or looking for work outside the United States, you may need to create a CV for your job search. This document provides employers with a detailed account of your professional và educational history to decide whether you’re a good fit for a job.

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Formatting your CV correctly is necessary to lớn make your document clear, professional và easy lớn read. There are three CV primary format options to lớn choose from: chronological, functional và combination. In this article, we discuss how to lớn create a compelling CV, provide formatting tips and examples.

If you aren't sure how to lớn format your CV, check out khansar.net’s professional resume đánh giá services.

Related: What Is a CV?

What is a curriculum vitae?

A curriculum vitae (CV), Latin for “course of life,” is a detailed professional document highlighting a person’s education, experience và accomplishments. A CV may also include professional references, as well as coursework, fieldwork, hobbies & interests relevant to lớn your profession. You might also choose to địa chỉ a personal profile that lists your skills & positive attributes khổng lồ ensure employers have a well-rounded view of your personality và achievements.

CV vs. Resume

In the U.S., employers in certain industries may require a CV as part of your job application instead of a resume such as academia, education, science and research. A CV is typically longer than a traditional resume & includes additional sections such as research & publications, presentations, professional associations & more. CVs are commonly two or more pages while resumes are typically only one page in length.

Outside of the U.S., the terms “CV” and “resume” are often used interchangeably, meaning your one-page resume is typically appropriate for a job application when the employer requests a CV.

Related: What’s the Difference Between a Resume & a CV?

What to include on a CV

Your CV should include the following sections:

Contact information: Include your full name, address, phone number and thư điện tử address.

Academic history: các mục all schooling from high school through postdoctoral (if applicable). Include the title of the degree you earned, the year you graduated và the name of the school.

Professional experience: Include the organization where you worked, the job title, the dates you were employed and a summary of your experience và achievements.

Qualifications and skills: các mục a combination of hard và soft skills you’ve developed throughout your career.

Awards & honors: For each award, địa chỉ cửa hàng the name, year received, the organization that gave you the award and any pertinent details (such as how often it’s presented).

Publications and presentations: For publications, provide a full citation including your co-authors, date, summary, volume, page, DOI number. For presentations, provide the title, date & venue where you presented.

Professional associations: menu the organization’s name, location or chapter và the dates of active membership.

Grants và scholarships: Provide the name of the grant or scholarship, date awarded & the institution that provided the award.

Licenses và certifications: Include the name of the license or certificate, the date you earned it và the institution that awarded it.

Read more: What to lớn Include in Your CV


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How to write a CV

When it comes khổng lồ formatting your CV, there are four more factors you’ll need lớn consider:

1. Choose the right fonts type và size

Your CV should be legible and easy lớn follow. Lớn improve readability, it's best lớn choose a sans-serif fonts between 10 & 11 points. It should be clean & simple without much detail or decor.

Here are several examples of good fonts for your CV:







Proxima Nova


Read more: Best font for a Resume: How to lớn Choose Type & Size

2. Check your margins

A good rule of thumb is to keep your margins between .5 - 1 inch. Margins that are too large will leave too much trắng space while margins that are too small can make the page look busy và overfilled. Both may be distracting or off-putting to lớn recruiters và hiring managers.

3. Utilize your space effectively

CVs can become lengthy, especially if you’ve been in your industry for several years & have amassed a great giảm giá khuyến mãi of experience. Lớn ensure you’re using space effectively & your CV is easy to read, consider using the following techniques:

Organize with bulleted lists: Make lists, (such as your collection of skills or awards) easier lớn consume by adding small bullets.

Use section headers: Distinguish section headers from the rest of your CV nội dung by making them bolder, larger or underlined.

Bold keywords: In addition lớn section headers, consider bolding other important words, such as your name và job titles, lớn set them apart.

Remove irrelevant information: Use the limited space on your CV lớn promote only the most relevant and impressive information about your background. Remove experience older than 15 years và dates from your education section if you have five or more years of professional experience.

Related: Q&A: How Long Should a CV Be?

4. Proofread

Before you send your CV to employers, take time to lớn carefully check your spelling, grammar và syntax. A clean, error-free CV increases readability and demonstrates professionalism. Recruit a trusted friend, family member or colleague to nhận xét your resume. A fresh set of eyes often catches mistakes you may have missed.

A well-composed CV shares all the most essential information employers need when considering you for job opportunities. By making sure your CV is comprehensive, correctly formatted & easy to read, you’re one step closer to lớn landing the job you want.

Read more: 27 Proofreading Tips to Improve Your Resume

CV example

Ann Kowalski

Portland, OR I 503-555-0123 | a.kowalski

Education Masters of Communication, 2017 University of Denver

Experience University of Georgia Center for Computational Chemistry Research Assistant 2009–2011

• Conducted physical and chemical laboratory tests lớn assist research scientists in qualitative và quantitative analyses.• Operated experimental pilots & assisted in developing new chemical engineering processes.• Maintained all laboratory equipment lớn ensure a clean và safe work environment for students and faculty.

Skills Project management Curriculum planning Fluent in English & Mandarin

Awards & Honors Wolf Foundation Wolf Prize in Medicine, 2018 Awarded lớn up lớn three individuals globally, each year, for achievements in medical science.

Publications & Presentations Understanding Auditory Sensitivity Issues in Children with Autism 2016, World Autism Organization Conference

Professional Associations American Society of Journalists & Authors, thành phố new york (2010–Present)

Grants và Scholarships The Oglesby-Snyder Grant for Equity & Cultural Diversity, 2012 Association for Applied thể thao Psychology

Licenses và Certifications Certificate in Sociological Practice, 2004 Association for Applied & Clinical Sociology

Related: Curriculum Vitae (CV) Templates for a Successful Application

Tips for writing a CV

Here are some tips for creating a comprehensive CV:

Choose the right format

All three common formats—chronological, functional & combination—work for a CV, but an effective format is combination. This CV type is a hybrid of the chronological and functional formats và allows adequate space for details about both your professional and educational history, as well as your skills & accomplishments. The elements you place first depend on your experience, career goals và what you believe is most relevant khổng lồ the types of positions you’re seeking.

Consider this order:

Contact information

Academic history (if you’re not in academia or a recent graduate this can be moved beneath Professional experience)

Qualifications & skills

Professional experience

Publications and presentations

Awards & honors

Grants and scholarships

Licenses và certifications

Professional associations

Consider including a concise skills và accomplishments section before work experience to showcase the key skills that align khổng lồ that particular role. Then, use the bullet points in your professional experience section lớn reinforce these skills & provide examples demonstrating their use. This has two benefits: recruiters looking quickly at a combination CV will see the từ khóa they are looking for on the first page & the increase in the mention of keyword may rank your CV higher in an applicant tracking system (ATS) if the recruiter is using one to lớn screen applications before reviewing CVs.

Tailor your CV for each application

Each section of your CV should be tailored lớn the position in order to make it through an ATS and pique the interest of a recruiter. Use the job mô tả tìm kiếm as your guide lớn identify the key skills the company is looking for that you have. Instead of abbreviating, spell out requirements lượt thích skills and certifications that you & mention throughout your CV in your skills, professional experience and education sections.

Make your CV ATS-friendly

An applicant tracking system is a common tool used by companies to lớn quickly and efficiently identify qualified candidates. CVs built with both the ATS and role-specific keyword in mind rank higher than others even though your CV will likely be scanned with ATS software, you can use this khổng lồ your advantage when you know strategies khổng lồ ensure your CV is ranked higher:

Avoid complex formatting. Tables, columns, headers và footers might seem lượt thích great methods of organizing complex information on a CV, however not all applicant tracking systems can parse this information correctly. When an ATS translates this type of formatting, the information within such complex formatting can get scattered or lost và can result in missing some of your most critical information.

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Save your CV in the right tệp tin format. While a PDF format might seem lượt thích the best format for your CV to save your formatting, not all ATSs can parse this format correctly. Khổng lồ ensure that all of the information on your CV is able to be scanned correctly, choose a .docx format.