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Bạn đang xem: Chuyển đổi từ hiện tại hoàn thành sang quá khứ đơn ( và ngược lại )

CHUYỂN ĐỔI TỪ HIỆN TẠI HOÀN THÀNH sang trọng QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN ( VÀNGƯỢC LẠI )* Dạng 1:S + HTHT (phủ định) + for + thời gian =>It’s + thời gian ….+ since …+ last + QKĐ(khẳng định)Ex: I haven’t seen my father for one month.– It is one month since I last saw my father.Tom hasn’t had his hair cut for over three months.– It is three months since Tom last had his hair cut.• Dạng 2:S + HTHT (phủ định) + before => It’s + the first time + S + HTHT (khẳng định)Ex: I haven’t seen that man here before. => It is the first time I have met that man here.It is the first time I have read this book. => I haven’t read this book before.* Dạng 3:- S + HTHT (phủ định) + since / for + …..- S + last + QKĐ (khẳng định) …+ when + mệnh đề- The last time + S + QKĐ (khẳng định) + was + thời gianEx: I haven’t heard him since August. => The last time I heard him was in August.I haven’t seen him since I left school. => I last saw him when I left school.* Dạng 4:S + HTHT (khẳng định) + for + thời hạn => S + began / started + V-ing + thờigian + agoEx: I have worked here for ten years.=> I began working here ten years ago.It started raining two days ago. > It has rained for two days.CHUYỂN ĐỔI TỪ HIỆN TẠI HOÀN THÀNH sang QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN ( VÀ NGƯỢCLẠI )1.Viết lại câu không đổi khác nghĩa:1) This is the first time he went abroad.=> He hasn’t…………………………………………..2) She started driving 1 month ago.=> She has…………………………………………………………………
3) We began eating when it started to rain.=> We have……………………………………………………….4) I last had my hair cut when I left her.=> I haven’t………………………………………………………….5) The last time she kissed me was 5 months ago.=> She hasn’t……………………………………………………….6) It is a long time since we last met.=> We haven’t……………………………………………………………7) When did you have it ?=> How long ………………………………………………………………….?..8) This is the first time I had such a delicious meal .=> I haven’t……………………………………..9) I haven’t seen him for 8 days.=> The last …………………………………………………..10) I haven’t taken a bath since Monday.=> It is ……………………………………………….2.Chia những động từ vào ngoặc ra thì simple past hoặc present perfect:1)We (studied) ……………a very hard lesson the day before yesterday…………………2)We (have studied) …………………………………………almost every lesson in this book sofar……………………3)We (have never watched)……………………………..that television program………………………4)We (watched) ………………………….an interesting program on television last night…………………..5)My wife & I ……………………………………………(had travelled)by air many times in the past6)My wife & I (travelled)……………….. Lớn Mexico by air last summer7)I (have read) ………………that novel by Hemingway sevaral times before.8)I (read) …………………….that novel again during my last vacation .9)I (had) …………………….a little trouble with my car last week.10)However,I (have )……………………. No trouble with my car since then.11) I (have ) ………………..this toy since my birthday.


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12)We (live )………………….in hn for ten years now and like it a lot.13)The last time I (go) ……………………to thành phố hà nội was in May14)When my parents were on holiday I ( stay)……………… with my aunt for a week15)I (not see ) my son for ages .He (not visit ) ……………………..me since May16)Tom ( be) …………….to thành phố hà nội twice .He loves it very much17)My sister (work ) ……………………for an enterprise for two years .That was after college18)I (move)……………… to hn in 2001 .I (be ) ………….there a long time now19)It was so cold today that I (wear)…………… a sweater at school20)So far this month there (be )……………………. Three robberies in this street21)When I was young I (meet )…………..him three times22)In the past few years ,it (become )……………….. More và more difficult to get into university23)I (feel )………………better since I ( live) ……………….here24) Since I (be ) ……………………in this city I ( not see)…………… him3. Khoanh tron dap an dung1. When ____________ the school? a) have you joined b) did you joined c) did you join d) have yoever joined2. _____________ in England?a) Did you ever worked b) Have you ever worked c) Worked you d) Didn"t you have worked3. That"s the best speech _________a) I never heard b) I didn"t hear c) I used khổng lồ hear d) I"ve ever hear4. He"s the most difficult housemate _____________________a) I never dealt with. B) I never had to khuyễn mãi giảm giá with. C) I"ve ever had to giảm giá with. D) I"ve never had lớn dealwith5. ______ to him last week.a) I spoke b) I"ve already spoken c) I didn"t spoke d) I speaked6. _____a contract last year và it is still valid.a) We have signed b) We signed c) We haven"t signed d)We have sign7. ______ from a business trip khổng lồ France.a) I come back b) I came back c) I never came bacd) I"ve just come back8. Prices ________ in 1995 but then _____ in 1996.a) risedfalled b) rose
fell c) have risenhave fallen d) rosehave fallen9. You ____________to a word ____________a) listenedI haven"t said b) didn"t listen I say c) listened saying d) haven"t listened I"ve saidback10. I can"t believe that ________________ the news.a) you haven"t read b) you didn"t read c) you don"t read d) you read not.