culture is the lens with which we evaluate everything around us we evaluate


Culture is the lens with which we evaluate everything around us; we evaluate what is proper or improper, normal or abnormal, through our culture. If we are immersed in a culture that is unlike our own, we may experience culture shock and become disoriented when we come into liên hệ with a fundamentally different culture. People naturally use their own culture as the standard đồ sộ judge other cultures; however, having our own judgment could lead us đồ sộ discriminate other cultural values which are different from our own because we bởi not understand them. Cultural diversity is important because our country, workplaces, and school increasingly consist of various cultural, racial, and ethnic groups. We can learn from one another, but first we must have a level of understanding about each other in order đồ sộ facilitate collaboration and cooperation. Learning about other cultures helps us understand different perspectives within the world in which we live and helps dispel negative stereotypes and personal biases about different groups. In addition, cultural diversity helps us recognize and respect "ways of being" that are not necessarily our own, sánh that we interact with others, we can build bridges đồ sộ trust, respect, and understanding across cultures. Furthermore, this diversity makes our country a more interesting place đồ sộ live, as people from diverse cultures contribute language skills, new ways of thinking, new knowledge, and different experiences. (Adapted from purdueglobal/) Question 39: Which could be the best title for the passage? A. How can we learn from culture? B. What is the function of culture? C. How bởi people use own culture? D. Why is cultural diversity a "good thing"? Question 40: The word "which" in paragraph 1 refers đồ sộ ________ A. cultural values B. other cultures C. judgment D. standard Question 41: Which of the following is TRUE about the main reason for discrimination? A. Making judgment B. Immersed in a culture C. Valuating everything D. Contacting with a different culture Question 42: The word "dispel" in paragraph 2 mostly means ________ A. realize B. remove C. contain D. discuss Question 43: According đồ sộ the passage, which of the following bởi people from diverse cultures NOT contribute đồ sộ a country? A. new ways of thinking B. a more interesting place C. new language D. different experiences READING 2: When he was nine years old, Felix Finkbeiner gave a class presentation on climate change. The young German spoke about deforestation and its effect on the planet. At the over of his talk, he challenged the people of his country đồ sộ help by planting one million trees. Nobody thought much would come of a nine-year- old’s school project. Before he was đôi mươi, however, Finkbeiner’s efforts had resulted in the planting of more than 14 billion trees around the world. Finkbeiner and his classmates began the project - named “Plant-for-the-Planet” - by planting the first tree outside their school. Other schools followed the example, and news of the one-million challenge spread. As a result, Finkbeiner was asked đồ sộ speak at the European Parliament. Other invitations soon followed, and when he was just 13, he spoke at a United Nations conference in Thủ đô New York. “We cannot trust that adults alone will save our future,” he said in the speech. “We have đồ sộ take our future in our hands.” Finkbeiner is now in his twenties, and Plant-for-the-Planet is an organization with around 70,000 members. It works đồ sộ teach people about climate change and đồ sộ encourage the planting of more trees. Germany’s one millionth tree was planted long ago. The goal now is one trillion - 150 for every person on Earth. (Adapted from Reading Explorer by Becky Tarver Chase and David Bohlke) Question 39. What is the reading mainly about? A. the problems deforestation can cause for our planet B. the reasons of climate change C. how planting trees can help the environment D. how a young person has made a big difference đồ sộ the environment Question 40. The word “deforestation” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning đồ sộ ______. A. afforestation B. defecation C. the cutting down of trees D. devastation

Question 41. According đồ sộ paragraph 2, what first happened đồ sộ Finkbeiner after the widespread impact of the “Plant-for-the -Planet” project? A. He discussed the problem of climate change with world leaders. B. He made a presentation at a United Nations conference in Thủ đô New York. C. He received an offer đồ sộ make a speech at the European Parliament. D. He had đồ sộ confront many challenges. Question 42. In the third paragraph, what does the word “It” refer to? A. Plant-for-the-Planet B. Germany's one millionth tree C. Climate change D. Planting trees Question 43. What is NOT true about Plant-for-the Planet today? A. It teaches people about climate change. B. It has many thousands of members. C. Its aim is đồ sộ plant one billion trees. D. It encourages people đồ sộ afforest. READING 3: Measuring some 620 by 513 feet (190 by 155 meters), the Colosseum was the largest amphitheater in the

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Roman world. Unlike many earlier amphitheaters, which had been dug into hillsides đồ sộ provide adequate

support, the Colosseum was a freestanding structure made of stone and concrete. The distinctive exterior had

three stories of arched entrances–a total of around 80–supported by semi-circular columns. Each story

contained columns of a different order (or style): At the bottom were columns of the relatively simple Doric

order, followed by Ionic and topped by the ornate Corinthian order. Located just near the main entrance đồ sộ the

Colosseum was the Arch of Constantine, built in A. 315 in honor of Constantine I’s victory over Maxentius

at Pons Milvius.

Inside, the Colosseum had seating for more phàn nàn 50,000 spectators, who may have been arranged

according đồ sộ social ranking but were most likely packed into the space lượt thích sardines in a can. Awnings were

unfurled from the top story in order đồ sộ protect the audience from the hot Roman sun as they watched

gladiatorial combats, hunts, wild animal fights and larger combats such as mock naval engagements (for which

the arena was flooded with water) put on at great expense. The vast majority of the combatants who fought in

front of Colosseum audiences in Ancient Rome were men. Gladiators were generally slaves, condemned

criminals or prisoners of war.

(Adapted from history/)

Question 39: Which best serves as the title for the passage?

A. The Measure of the Colosseum B. The Colosseum: A Grand Amphitheater C. The Architecture of the Colosseum D. The Colosseum and Bloodshed Fights

Question 40: The word “relatively” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning đồ sộ ______.

A. very B. rarely C. extremely D. rather

Question 41: What made the Colosseum’s structure different from many earlier amphitheaters?

A. It was dug into hillsides đồ sộ provide adequate tư vấn. B. Its exterior had nothing distinctive. C. It had a freestanding structure made of stone and concrete. D. Each of its stories contained columns of the same order

Question 42: The word “they” in paragraph 2 refers đồ sộ ______.

A. audience B. prisoners C. combatants D. gladiators

Question 43: All of the following were gladiators fighting đồ sộ entertain Colosseum audiences EXCEPTS


A. slaves B. condemned criminals C. prisoners of war D. naval soldiers READING 4:

Australians believe that life should have a balance between work and leisure time. As a consequence, some

students may be critical of others who they perceive as doing nothing but study. Australian notions of privacy mean that areas such as financial matters, appearance and relationships are only discussed with close friends.

While people may volunteer such information, they may resent someone actually asking them unless the

friendship is firmly established. Even then, it is considered very impolite đồ sộ ask someone what they earn.

Question 39: Which best serves as the title for the passage?

A. A story about nước Australia B. Australian culture shock C. Things đồ sộ bởi in nước Australia D. Australian culture

Question 40: The word "them" in paragraph 1 refers đồ sộ _______.

A. circumstances B. Australians C. options D. students

Question 41: In paragraph 3, most adult Australians Call each other by their first names because _______.

A. Australians are difficult đồ sộ remember people's surnames B. Australians restrict class discrimination C. Australians get on well with each other D. Calling each other by their first names makes them friendlier

Question 42: The word "critical” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning đồ sộ _______.

A. faultfinding B. grateful C. complimentary D. appreciative

Question 43: Which of the following is NOT true, according đồ sộ the passage?

A. Asking someone what they earn is considered fairly polite. B. Australians are prepared đồ sộ accept a range of opinions. C. Students in nước Australia will be expected đồ sộ size their own opinions. D. A teacher or course tutor will not tell students what đồ sộ bởi. READING 6: It used đồ sộ be that people would drink coffee or tea in the morning đồ sộ pick them up and get them going for

the day. Then cola drinks hit the market. With lots of caffeine and sugar, these beverages soon became the pick-

me-up of choice for many adults and teenagers. Now drink companies are putting out so-called “energy

drinks”. These beverages have the specific aim of giving tired consumers more energy.

One example of a popular energy drink is Red Bull. The company that puts out this beverage has stated in

interviews that Red Bull is not a thirst quencher. Nor is it meant đồ sộ be a fluid replacement drink for athletes.

Instead, the beverage is meant đồ sộ revitalize a tired consumer’s body toàn thân and mind. In order đồ sộ bởi this, the makers of

Red Bull, and other energy drinks, typically add vitamins and certain chemicals đồ sộ their beverages. The added

chemicals are lượt thích chemicals that the body toàn thân naturally produces for energy. The vitamins, chemicals, caffeine,

and sugar found in these beverages all seem lượt thích a sure bet đồ sộ give a person energy.

Health professionals are not sánh sure, though. For one thing, there is not enough evidence đồ sộ show that all of

the vitamins added đồ sộ energy drinks actually raise a person’s energy level. Another problem is that there are so

many things in the beverages. Nobody knows for sure how all of the ingredients in energy drinks work


Dr. Brent Bauer, one of the directors at the Mayo Clinic in the US, cautions people about believing all the

claims energy drinks make. He says, “It is plausible if you put all these things together, you will get a good

result.” However, Dr. Bauer adds the mix of ingredients could also have a negative impact on the body toàn thân. “We

just don’t know at this point” he says.

(Trích kể từ đề minh họa phen 1, 2017)

Question 39: What is the main idea of this passage?

A. Caffeine is bad for people đồ sộ drink. B. It is uncertain whether energy drinks are healthy.

C. Red Bull is the best energy drink. D. Teenagers should not choose energy drinks. Question 40: The word “it” in the second paragraph refers đồ sộ ______. A. one example B. the company C. Red Bull D. thirst quencher Question 41: According đồ sộ the passage, what makes it difficult for researchers đồ sộ know if an energy drink gives people energy? A. Natural chemicals in a person‘s body toàn thân B. The average age of the consumer C. The number of beverage makers D. The mixture of various ingredients Question 42: The word “plausible” in the passage is closest in meaning đồ sộ _______. A. impossible B. reasonable C. typical D. unlikely Question 43: Which of the following is NOT true according đồ sộ the passage? A. Bauer does not seem đồ sộ believe the claims of energy drink makers. B. Colas have been on the market longer phàn nàn energy drinks. C. It has been scientifically proved that energy drinks work. D. The makers of Red Bull say that it can revitalize a person. READING 7: Parent-teenager problems are a common thing in most households. Reasons for problems between

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teenagers and parents vary greatly, and each situation is different from one another, but there are common reasons

for parent-teenager problems.

First, a teenager is getting bad grades at school. This can cause a problem because the parents of a teen

who is not getting the best grades in school will be worried about him graduating from high school and getting

into college. Also, if a teen gets bad grades, he probably will not get any scholarships for school, which can be a

hardship on parents.

Next, a teen is hanging out with a bad crowd. A teenager who has friends that bởi things their parents do

not approve of can over up doing those things too, and the teen's friends will probably not be received well by the

parents. Then, a parent who is very strict with their teenager will probably have problems with him at some point.

It is important đồ sộ be firm, but not very firm, since this may make a teenager want đồ sộ rebel even more. Moreover,

lack of communication causes a lot of problems between parents and teenagers. It is important for both parties to

communicate. Teens should bởi things together with their parents, such as going đồ sộ a movie or playing board

games, or go đồ sộ a family counselor.

(Adapted from: madhuacademy/2018/10/31) Question 39. What is the passage mainly about? A. The problems between parents and teenagers. B. Main roots for parent-teenager problems. C. Some solutions for parent and teenager problems. D. The differences between parents and teenagers. Question 40. The word “approve of” in the paragraph is closest in meaning đồ sộ _______. A. prove B. offer C. accept D. disagree

C. impact them in various ways. D. ask them how đồ sộ dress when being around certain people

Question 41: The word “intact” in the paragraph 3 is closest in meaning đồ sộ _______.

A. unbroken B. imperfect C. harmed D. damaged

Question 42: According đồ sộ the passage, all of the following statements about parents’ influences on

teenager are true EXCEPT ________.

A. parents have a great impact on teenagers. B. most teenagers grow up đồ sộ act and bởi things just lượt thích their parents. C. a family break-up may have a negative effect on teenagers. D. achievements of teenagers from a family break-up are always low.

Question 43: The word “them” in the paragraph 4 refers đồ sộ ________.

A. friends B. family C. teenagers D. parents

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet đồ sộ indicate the correct

answer đồ sộ each of the questions from 39 đồ sộ 43.

RoboCup is a football competition that has taken place every year since 1997. But the players are not

human; they are robots. The competition's full name is ‘Robot Soccer World Cup’, and the aim is đồ sộ create, by

the middle of the 21st century, a team of robot footballers that are able đồ sộ play against and beat the winners of

the real World Cup.

In order for robots đồ sộ play football, robotics companies have had đồ sộ develop special technologies. A robot

can't just run rẩy onto the field and start kicking the ball. So each robot is fitted with a webcam which is connected

to a computer inside the robot. The robot is able đồ sộ see where the other players are, where the goal is and, most

importantly, where the ball is. They are programmed đồ sộ make their own decisions and during the match the

robots' creators are not allowed đồ sộ tell them what đồ sộ bởi. The robots are, however, able đồ sộ communicate with

other members of their team, via a wireless network.

There is a long way đồ sộ go before robots will be able đồ sộ compete against humans. They need đồ sộ become more

intelligent and become able đồ sộ react more quickly and anticipate the game. But the technologies that are being

developed for scoring goals have other uses as well. It may be possible đồ sộ develop robots that can be used in

search and rescue, for example, finding people trapped in buildings after earthquakes. They may not be as fun

to watch as real footballers, but at least they don't demand enormous salaries!

(Adapted from Solutions 3rd Edition by Tim Falla and Paul A Davies)

Question 39. What is the passage mainly about?

A. A normal football competition B. Robots that play football C. Robots that are useful for tìm kiếm and rescue D. Footballers and their average salaries

Question 40. According đồ sộ paragraph 1, what is special about the Robot Soccer World Cup?

A. All of the players are robots. B. Robots help footballers đồ sộ score goals. C. It’s created đồ sộ promote the real World Cup.

D. The World Cup’s champions are invited đồ sộ play there.

Question 41. The word They in paragraph 2 refers đồ sộ _______.

A. Decisions B. Creators C. Members D. Robots

Question 42. The word react in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning đồ sộ _______.

A. prepare B. tư vấn C. respond D. understand

Question 43. Which of the following is TRUE, according đồ sộ the passage?

A. The robots can’t talk with other members or people during the match. B. The movement of each robot is controlled by the captain of the team. C. Robot footballers are more exciting phàn nàn professional players đồ sộ watch. D. Robots need increased intelligence and better movements đồ sộ play against humans. READING 9: Pollutants are clogging up the atmosphere above our planet and trapping the sun's heat. That makes our planet warmer, which causes glaciers đồ sộ melt, crazy weather patterns đồ sộ develop, and natural disasters spread like wildfires.

But there are other consequences that people don't always associate with climate change. One surprising fact about global warming is that it makes people more aggressive.

As the world gets hotter, tempers also get fierier. A new study found that violent crimes and even war become more likely as temperatures rise. Heart rates tend đồ sộ be elevated in warm weather, sánh people are prepped for a physical response đồ sộ a situation. That’s not đồ sộ say we're headed for a violent over as Earth warms up, though. Advances in everything from technology đồ sộ health have sparked a decline in conflict. It's just that global warming might be slowing that decline. Climate change increases the amount of smog in the air and causes plants đồ sộ produce more pollen, according đồ sộ the Natural Resources Defense Council. Those combine to make breathing harder for people, which can be especially tricky for people with asthma and other respiratory illnesses.

Question 39: What is the topic of the passage?

A. A global warming surprising fact B. Aggressive modem people C. The bad effects of global warming D. A study on global warming

Question 40: What is trapping the sun’s heat?

A. The atmosphere B. Pollutant C. Glaciers D. The atmosphere above our planet

Question 41: According đồ sộ the paragraph 1, all of the following are results of our planet getting warmer EXCEPT _______.

A. Melting glaciers B. Increasing greenhouse gas C. Natural disasters lượt thích wildfires D. Crazy weather patterns đồ sộ develop Question 42: The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers đồ sộ _______.

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A. other consequences B. global warming C. surprising fact D. climate change

Question 43: The word “elevated” is closest in meaning to

A. dropped B. grew C. enlarged D. raised