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Nội dung text: Đề thi thử tốt nghiệp THPT non sông môn giờ đồng hồ Anh - Năm học 2018-2019 - Bộ giáo dục đào tạo và đào tạoBỘ GIÁO DỤC và ĐẠO TẠO ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP trung học phổ thông QUỐC GIA NĂM HỌC 2018 – 2019 ĐỀ THI THỬ Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH 12 (Đề thi gồm 04 trang) thời gian làm bài: 60 phút ( ko kể thời hạn phát đề ) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D khổng lồ indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. Question 1: A. Hurry B. Under C. Pressure D. Rush Question 2: A. Cooks B. Loves C. Joins D. Spends Mark the letter A, B, C, or D lớn indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary găng in each of the following questions. Question 3: A. Habitat B. Different C. Industry D. Introduce Question 4: A. Derive B. Provide C. Modern D. Depend Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to lớn indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. Question 5: The major goals of primary education is khổng lồ achieve basic literacy và numeracy among all students. A B C D Question 6: An university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees; A B C including Bachelor"s degrees, Master"s. D Question 7: Neil Postman, an tác giả of some great books, pointed out that reading teaches us khổng lồ think in a logically A B C connected way, và cultivating a sustained attention span. D Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the correct answer khổng lồ each of the following questions. Question 8: Mary will have finished all her work ___. A. As soon as her boss returned B. Until her boss will return C. By the time her monster returns D. When her trùm cuối will return Question 9: The Eiffel Tower ___ thiết kế was revolutionary at its time, is still a marvelous structure. A. Which B. That C. Whose D. Whom Question 10: He spent a year in India và loves spicy food. ___ the food is, ___ he likes it. A. The hotter / the more and more B. The hotter / the more C. The more & more hot / the more D. The hottest / the most Question 11: ___ We have still got plenty of food. A. You should have bought some more lớn eat. B. You needn"t have gone to the supermarket. C. We must have bought some more food. D. May I go to the supermarket? Question 12: The picnic ___ because Peter has just had a traffic accident. A. Will cancel B. Will be cancelling C. Will be cancelled D. Will have cancelled Question 13: Parts of the country are suffering water ___ after the unusually dry summer. A. Thirst B. Shortage C. Supply D. Hunger Question 14: Can you ___ what it would be lượt thích to live without books? A. Imagine B. Advise C. Describe D. Understand Question 15: He asked me ___ the book I borrowed from the library. A. If I found B. If I had found C. Whether I have found D. Whether I found Question 16: We had lớn ___ the noise from the building site next door for three months. A. Give up B. Stand up lớn C. Put up with D. Look up to lớn Question 17: With greatly increased workloads, everyone is ___ pressure now. A. Under B. Above C. Upon D. Out of Question 18: A computer is a(n) ___ storage device which manages large collections of data. A. Electrical B. Electronic C. Electric D. Electricity Question 19: John cannot ___ a decision khổng lồ get married lớn Mary or stay single until he can afford a house and a car. A. Make B. Do C. Work D. Earn Question 20. The prices of property in big cities may deter people on low incomes from owning a house there. A. Competitive. B. Forbidding. C. Prohibitive. D. Inflatable.Question 21. The operation of the newly constructed plants is likely khổng lồ lead khổng lồ environmental consequences. A. Far-reaching. B. Far-gone. C. Far-flung. D. Far-off. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet khổng lồ indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to lớn the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 22: The 1908 Siberian meteorite explosion brought about considerable depletion of the northern hemisphere"s ozone layer. A. Was caused by B. Resulted in C. Brought back D. Was initiated by Question 23: Roget"s Thesaurus, a collection of English words and phrases, was originally arranged by the ideas they express rather than by alphabetical order. A. Restricted B. As well as C. Unless D. Instead of Mark the letter A, B, C, or D khổng lồ indicate the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning khổng lồ the underlined part in each of the following questions. Question 24: She decided to remain celibate and devote her life to helping the homeless & orphans. A. Married B. Separated C. Single D. Divorced Question 25: My parents always disapproved of my smoking. They even told me once it would stop me growing taller. A. Objected to B. Supported C. Denied D. Refused Mark the letter A, B, C, or D lớn indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges. Question 26: Mr. Edwin is talking khổng lồ a khách sạn clerk at home Again hotel . ~ khách sạn clerk: "Welcome khổng lồ the home Again Hotel, sir. How may I help you?" ~ Mr. Edwin: "___" A. No, thanks. I had a reservation B. I would like a non-smoking room with a double bed. C. Yes, I want khổng lồ look for a room D. Sorry. I don’t want to lớn stay there Question 27: A customer is talking to a siêu thị assistant about the sweater he has chosen. ~ Customer: "That"s nice. Could I try it on?.” ~ shop assistant: "___” A. Certainly, the changing rooms are over there. B. Oh, sorry. We don’t have this room. C. That’s right. You should try it before buying D. Yes, of course, but you must pay the bill first. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks THE GESTURE INTERFACE At the moment , if we want mobile (28) to the Web, we have to travel around with things lượt thích tablets và smartphones in our bags or pockets. But the inventor of something called the Gesture Interface has come up with a way of doing this using only something we"ve (29) around with us for millions of years - our hands. The idea is based on simple giải pháp công nghệ that is already in existence. (30) carrying around the usual hardware, you have a small wearable device on your hands. This contains a projector, a camera & wireless technology to (31) you to lớn the Web. It also has sensors (32) read & interpret simple hand gestures. For example, when you want to lớn take a photograph, simply make a frame around the image with your hand và click your fingers. The device work out what you want và operates the camera (Adapted from Cambridge First Practice chạy thử Plus by Nick Kenny & Lucrecia Luque-Mortimer) Question 28: A. Line B. Entry C. Access D. Link Question 29: A. Delivered B. Fetched C. Brought D. Carried Question 30: A. Along with B. Instead of C. Except for D. Apart from Question 31: A. Sign B. Download C. Log D. Connect Question 32: A. Who B. Which C. Whom D. What Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning lớn each of the following questions. Question 33: “Don’t forget to lớn submit your assignments by Thursday,” said the teacher to the students. A. The teacher allowed the students to lớn submit their assignments by Thursday. B. The teacher ordered the students lớn submit their assignments by Thursday. C. The teacher reminded the students lớn submit their assignments by Thursday. D. The teacher encouraged the students lớn submit their assignments by Thursday. Question 34: The girl jumped joyfully as soon as she heard the result. A. No sooner had the girl heard the result when she jumped joyfully. B. Hardly the girl had heard the result when did she jump joyfully. C. Hardly had the girl heard the result when she jumped joyfully. D. Scarely had the girl jumped joyfully when she heard the result. Question 35: It was your assistance that enabled us khổng lồ get achievement.A. If you assisted us, we could not get achievement. B. But for your assistance, we could not have got achievement. C. Your assistance discouraged us from get achievement. D. Without your assistance, we could get achievement Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 36. His friends supported & encouraged him. He did really well in the competition. A. Such were his friends’ tư vấn and encouragement that he couldn’t vày really well in the competition. B. Had it not been for his friends’ support and encouragement, he couldn’t have done so well in the competition. C. No matter how much his friends supported và encouraged him, he couldn’t bởi vì well in the competition. D. If his friends had given him tư vấn and encouragement, he could have done really well in the competition. Question 37. Joe has finished his first-aid course. He proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker. A. Although Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker, he hasn’t finished his first-aid course. B. Having finished his first-aid course, Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker. C. Without finishing his first-aid course, Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker. D. However helpful Joe proves as a rescue worker, he hasn’t finished his first-aid course. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to lớn each of the questions CO2 plays a critical role in maintaining the balance in the Earth’s atmosphere và the air that we breathe. It is also waste sản phẩm of the fossil fuels that almost every person on the planet uses for transport và other energy requirements. Because we create CO2 every time we drive a car, cook a meal or turn on a light, and because the gas lasts around a century in the atmosphere, the proportion of CO2 in the atmosphere is rapidly increasing. The best evidence indicates that we need to lớn reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 70 per cent by 2050. If you own a four-wheel-drive car và replace it with a hybrid car- a oto that is powered by a combination of electricity và petrol – or a smaller standard-fuel car, you can achieve a reduction of that magnitude in a day rather than half a century. Unfortunately, our past history of change is considerably slower than this. Samuel Bowser first invented the petrol pump in 1885 but it wasn’t until 1988 that new cars manufactured in the UK were required to use unleaded petrol only. Not only vì fossil fuels pose an environmental hazard but there is also a pressing need to lớn find an alternative energy source that is renewable. Opinions as khổng lồ how much oil remains vary considerably. Some say that the Earth has produced only 18 per cent of its potential yield of oil; others say supplies may run out as early as 2025. Many countries are exploring alternative energy sources such as solar energy or wind power, which uses large turbines to lớn capture the energy of the wind. (Adapted from ""Vocabulary for IELTS"" – by Pauline Cullen) Question 38: What is the passage mainly about? A. The increase of CO2 in the atmosphere B. The future of energy C. The exhaustion of fossil fuels D. Energy supplies Question 39: According khổng lồ the passage, all of the following are mentioned as contributors to lớn reducing CO2 emissions EXCEPT ___. A. Hybrid cars B. Smaller standard-fuel cars C. Cars using unleaded petrol D. Four-wheel-drive cars Question 40: The word ""which"" in paragraph 3 refers lớn ___. A. Alternative energy B. Solar energy C. Wind nguồn D. Countries Question 41: The amount of CO2 in the atmosphere is considerably growing because___. A. It is created by human’s daily actitivies B. People create cars, meals & lights every time C. It lasts around a century in the atmosphere D. Every person on the planet uses for transport economically Question 42: The word "" manufactured "" in paragraph 2 mostly means ___. A. Destroyed B. Disappeared C. Produced D. Required Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to lớn indicate the correct answer khổng lồ each of the questions People have been donating blood since the early twentieth century lớn help accident victims & patients undergoing surgical procedures. Usually a pint of whole blood is donated, and it is then divided into platelets, white blood cells, & red blood cells. People can donate blood (for red blood cells) about once every two months. Transfusing the blood from the donor lớn the recipient is straightforward. It involves taking the blood from a donor’s arm vein by means of a hypodermic syringe. The blood flows through a plastic tube khổng lồ a collection bag or bottle that contains sodium citrate, which prevents the blood from clotting. When the blood is given khổng lồ a patient, a plastic tube and hypodermic needle are connected khổng lồ the recipient’s arm. The blood flows down from the container by gravity. This is a slow process và may last as long as 2 hours khổng lồ complete the infusion of blood into the recipient. The patient is protected from being infected during the transfusion. Only sterilecontainers, tubing, & needles are used, và this helps ensure that transfused or stored blood is not exposed lớn diseasecausing bacteria. Negative reactions to lớn transfusions are not unusual. The recipient may suffer an allergic reaction or be sensitive lớn donor leukocytes. Some may suffer from an undetected red-cell incompatibility. Unexplained reactions are also fairly common. Although they are rare, other causes of such negative reactions include contaminated blood, air bubbles in the blood, overloading of the circulatory system through administration of excess blood, or sensitivity to donor plasma or platelets. Today, hospitals and blood banks go to lớn great lengths lớn screen all blood donors and their blood. All donated blood is routinely and rigorously tested for diseases, such as HIV (which causes AIDS), hepatitis B, và syphilis. When the recipient is a newborn or an infant, the blood is usually irradiated lớn eliminate harmful elements. Donated blood is washed, & the white blood cells & platelets are removed. Storing the blood sometimes requires a freezing process. To lớn freeze the red blood cells, a glycerol solution is added. To lớn unfreeze, the glycerol is removed. The ability to lớn store blood for long periods has been a boon lớn human health. (Adapted From Peterson’s Master Toefl Reading Skills) Question 43: Which of the following words is closest in meaning khổng lồ the word “donating” in paragraph 1? A. Adorning B. Giving C. Taking D. Distributing Question 44: In paragraph 1, the word “it” refers to A. Accident victims B. Surgical procedures C. A pint of whole blood D. Surgery patients Question 45: According to lớn the passage, how often can people donate blood for red blood cells? A. Every four months B. Every three months C. Every two months D. Every month Question 46: All of the following are mentioned as potential negative reactions khổng lồ transfusions EXCEPT: A. Allergies B. Red-cell incompatibility C. Air bubbles in the blood D. Sensitivity khổng lồ donor leukocytes Question 47: What answer choice is closest in meaning to lớn the word “undetected” in paragraph 4? A. Not wanted B. Not captured C. Not found D. Not illustrated Question 48: Based on the information in the passage, what can be inferred about blood transfused lớn infants and newborns? A. It is as rigorously tested as blood for adults. B. It is treated with radiant energy. C. It is not treated differently from adults. D. It is not dangerous for children. Question 49: What does the author imply in the passage? A. Transfusing blood is a dangerous process. B. Storing blood benefits mankind. C. Clotting cannot be prevented. D. Freezing blood destroys platelets. Question 50: Which of the following best serves as the title for the passage? A. Blood Donation B. The importance of Blood C.
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How to Transfuse to lớn The Recipient D. Blood Storage THE END